The Rova de manjakamiadana, a magnificent plunge into Madagascar’s history

The Rova de Manjakamiadana, in Madagascar’s capital, is one of the island’s most emblematic historic sites. Its history dates back to the time of the Kingdom of Madagascar. To appreciate the richness of Madagascar’s heritage, the Rova remains a must-see for its descriptions, its history and its occupants.

Through its history and description, you will explore the Rova de Manjakamiadana.

Its high-altitude location justifies a war strategy. The estate is home to several buildings. « Manjakamiadana » is the most imposing. The first building, erected by King Andrianjaka (1610-1630), was made entirely of wood. It served as royal residence and center of Malagasy government.

Exploring the Rova buildings.

The darkest moment in the Rova’s history came in 1995. The site was damaged by fire. A large part of the structure was reduced to ashes. It comprises several buildings, including five palaces, a temple and nine tombs. The great north gate, in the shape of a triumphal arch, is majestically dominated by a black eagle.

The Manjakamiadana : « This is the main palace of the « Rova ». Jean Laborde built it in wood in 1836. Clad in stone by James Cameron, it is supported by a rosewood trunk.

The « Tranovola », built for Radama, was rebuilt in 1845 by Jean Laborde. Made of wood, surrounded by a veranda around a central pillar, it is an example of the architecture of the period.

« Manampisoa », a small palace in the shape of a Greek cross, was designed by James Cameron in 1866. To the right of the palace is the queen’s throne, composed of three pedestals.

« Besakana », made entirely of wood, consists of three houses built side by side. It was the place where sovereigns were enthroned and their remains installed after their death.

« Mahitsielafanjaka », Andrianampoinimerina’s residence, is currently being restored. It is the only traditional residence.

The temple, built by William Pool for Ranavalona II, was solemnly inaugurated on April 8, 1880.

The nine tombs for Rasoherina, Ranavalona I, II, III, Radama I, II and Andrianampoinimerina, and the kings, completed in 1828 by Louis Gros.

« Fitomiandalana » are the seven tombs of the first kings since Andrianjaka, currently being renovated and reconstructed.

The Pioneers of Rova in Quest of Legend

The Rova de Manjakamiadana was home to members of the Malagasy nobility and attached servants. Here’s an overview of the Rova’s main inhabitants:

The sovereigns, often kings, queens or monarchs, resided in the palace as heads of the Malagasy state. Members of the royal family, children and close relatives also lived in the Rova.

The nobles, known as Andriana, were an important part of the Rova population. They played a role in the governance and management of the kingdom’s affairs.

Various royal court advisors were often chosen from among the most competent nobles.

He also had a staff of servants and domestics, responsible for the upkeep of the palace.

Royal guards and defenders ensure the safety of the Rova and its inhabitants.

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