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The Malagasy Names

Malagasy names are a fascinating element for the whole world, rich in history, meaning, and diversity, often described as long and difficult to pronounce. These names reflect not only personal identity but also the values, beliefs, and traditions of Malagasy society. Today, in the kingdom of Imerina, the nobility particle "Ra" has lost this meaning in many cases. In this article, we explore the origins, characteristics, and meanings of Malagasy names.
cultural event from Antsirabe

Hira Gasy or Vakodrazana

Hira Gasy is a traditional folk art form unique to Madagascar. This cultural expression, often described as musical street theater, is a captivating blend of song, dance, drama, and poetic discourse. Performances are often accompanied by colorful costumes, such as Malabary tunics for the men and dresses of the same color for the women, with the addition of the Lamba. Its roots go back many centuries, and it continues to be an integral part of Malagasy culture and identity to this day. This form of popular entertainment is specific to the culture of the peoples of Madagascar's central highlands, particularly the Merina, where performances take place either outdoors or indoors.

Kabary Malagasy

Inscribed in 2021 on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Kabary is an ancestral oratory practice of the Malagasy people, a kind of poetry declaimed before the general public. It is highly structured, consisting of proverbs, maxims, rhetorical figures and puns, embodying the essence of Malagasy culture. Originally, Kabary was used by rulers to inform the community about upcoming events, social life and administrative decisions. Over time, it came to be used by communities to communicate on various social, political and ritual occasions. Kabary is an art of speech, a vector of tradition and an instrument of social cohesion.

The Importance of Zebu in Malagasy Culture

Arriving on the island from India in the first millennium, the zebu is an imposing bovid, with lyre-shaped horns on its frontal bone and a distinctive dorsal hump, a fat reserve that builds up when food is plentiful. It occupies a central place in Madagascan culture. Much more than a simple livestock animal, the zebu is a true cultural and spiritual icon in Madagascar, reflecting the identity, traditions and ancestral beliefs of the Malagasy people.

Village Tourism in Madagascar

Changing the trend a little, let's talk today about village tourism, an offering with immense economic potential. Beyond paradise beaches and famous national parks, village tourism is emerging as a promising alternative for the economic development of local communities. This type of tourism, centered on authenticity, encounters and exchanges, offers numerous advantages for boosting the local economy.

The Merina people

The Merina, also known as the Hova, are one of Madagascar's 18 ethnic groups, mainly located in the northern part of the island's central highlands, particularly around the capital, Antananarivo. Their history, culture and political influence have played a central role in the development of the Malagasy economy. The influence and centralization of Madagascar around Antananarivo, the Merina capital, has resulted in the Merina language being considered the official language of Madagascar. In this article, we explore the origin, history, culture and impact of the Merina on Malagasy society.

Mpanandro Malagasy

Madagascan Mpanandro, or traditional astrologers, play a central role in the cultural and spiritual life of Madagascar's communities. Their knowledge, handed down from generation to generation, encompasses astrology, divination and knowledge of lunar calendars. In outlying areas, they are widely consulted for a multitude of reasons, from planning important events such as the Famadihana and Fanambadiana to seeking spiritual advice. In short, Mpanandro are seen as priests à la Malagasy. This article explores the role, importance and practices of Mpanandro in contemporary Malagasy society.

The Sakalava people

Madagascar is a large island populated by ethnic groups of diverse origins. There are the Betsileo, Merina, Bara, etc., currently numbering 22 ethnic groups. The Sakalava are among the island's largest peoples, occupying most of Madagascar's western coastal fringe. The Sakalava Boina and Sakalava du Menabe are the main groups, stretching from Tuléar in the south to Sambirano in the north. In this article, we explore the history, culture, beliefs and way of life of the Sakalava.

Savika in Madagascar :where the Betsileo defy the zebus

Savika is a traditional practice emblematic of the Betsileo region, located in the highlands of Madagascar, where the young men of the community compete against zebus. This unique form of bullfighting symbolizes not only the bravery and strength of the Betsileo men, but also their deep respect for their ancestral traditions and culture. All Betsileo people, men and women, children and elders, enjoy the sport. A major tournament is even organized once a year in Ambositra, south of the capital Antananarivo.

The Mahafaly people

The Mahafaly, who live on the limestone plateau in south-west Madagascar, are renowned for their fascinating traditions and rich and varied history.Living between the Menarandra and Onilahy rivers, they are one of the largest ethnic groups on the island, numbering around 247,000. Their unique way of life and customs are deeply rooted in Madagascar's Austronesian history.